Brexit Agreement Summary

The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the Withdrawal Agreement, with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (removal of the backstop) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. This briefing deals in detail with the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and the UK and concluded on 14 November 2018. It was endorsed by the heads of state and government of the EU member states at an extraordinary European Council on 25 November and the British Prime Minister promoted it in the British Parliament and throughout the country. The agreement has been the subject of several in-depth debates in Parliament and has been voted on three times. But the House of Commons did not approve it. A second Extension of Article 50 lasted until 31 October 2019, but once again the UK faces the possibility of leaving the EU without a deal if this or any other deal is not ratified by the UK and the EU. The Protocol provides for the preparation for the application of the civil rights part of the VA and allows for the application of UNION legislation at Gibraltar airport if the United Kingdom and Spain reach an agreement on this point; justifies cooperation between Spain and the United Kingdom in the areas of taxation, environmental protection and fisheries, police and customs. The Memoranda of Understanding between the United Kingdom and Spain facilitate cooperation at operational level between the competent authorities of Gibraltar and Spain, in particular through the use of joint committees in the areas of citizens` rights, the environment, police, customs and tobacco. . . .

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